LANGUAGE! Live offers more for struggling readers than any other product. Proven foundational and advanced reading intervention. Peer-to-peer instruction. Literacy brain science. A captivating modern, digital platform for grades 5–12. All
in one affordable solution. More is possible
Grades K-5 blended literacy intervention
Grades 4-12 print literacy program
Grades K-12 writing program
Grades 4-12 literacy intervention
TransMath® Third Edition is a comprehensive math intervention curriculum that targets middle and high school students who lack the foundational skills necessary for entry into algebra and/or who are two or more years below grade level in
A targeted math intervention program for struggling students in grades 2–8 that provides additional opportunities to master critical math concepts and skills.
Empowers students in grades K–8 to master math content at their own pace in a motivating online environment.
Inside Algebra engages at-risk students in grades 8–12 through explicit, conceptually based instruction to ensure mastery of algebraic skills.
Developed by renowned literacy experts Dr. Louisa Moats and Dr. Carol Tolman,
LETRS® is a flexible literacy professional development solution for preK–12 educators. LETRS earned the International Dyslexia Association's Accreditation and provides teachers with the skills they need to master the fundamentals
of reading instruction—phonological awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, comprehension, writing, and language.
Online professional development event is designed for preK to college educators interested in improving student success in reading and writing
Literacy solutions guided by LETRS’ science of reading pedagogy, the Structured Literacy approach, and explicit teaching of sound-letter relationships for effective reading instruction.
NUMBERS is an interactive, hands-on mathematics professional development offering for elementary and middle school math teachers.
Best Behavior Features Elements to Create a Happy, Healthy School Environment
ClearSight has valid and reliable assessments that can be used throughout the school year. The assessments contain items, backed by research, providing insights you can trust. There are both adaptive and fixed-form assessments ready to use and will provide automatic results for your teachers and students.
Reliable, Research-Based Assessment Solutions to Support Literacy and Math
Enhance early reading success and identify students experiencing difficulty acquiring foundational literacy skills.
A companion tool for use with Acadience Reading K–6 to determine instructional level and progress monitoring.
Assess critical reading skills for students in grades K–6 and older students with very low skills.
Assess essential pre-literacy and oral language skills needed for kindergarten.
Predict early mathematics success and identify students experiencing difficulty acquiring foundational math skills.
Give educators a fast and accurate way to enter results online and receive a variety of reports that facilitate instructional decision making.
A brief assessment that can be used with Acadience Reading K–6 to screen students for reading difficulties such as dyslexia.
We work with schools and districts to customize an implementation and ongoing support plan.
Grades 5-12 blended literacy intervention
Flexible literacy professional development solution for preK–12 educators.
Focused on engaging students with age-appropriate instruction and content that supports and enhances instruction.
Reading intervention for grades K–5.
At Voyager Sopris Learning®, our mission is to work with educators to help them meet and surpass their goals for student achievement.
Step Up to Writing®
Ticket to Read®
by Janet R. Macpherson on Oct 19, 2016
The Importance of Context when Interpreting Assessment Data, Part 1 of 2
Often, “context” is referred to in terms of reading texts or passages. Context is so important that we teach students how to use clues to understand new vocabulary words when reading. Context makes a difference when understanding ambiguous situations that might be easily misunderstood if you don’t understand what happened most recently in the passage or you don't have the culturally relevant information that helps us understand what we are reading.
Context is important in many situations, not just reading, and I am going to make the case for context being important when interpreting assessment data.
Recently, I was asked to interpret a set of scores for a seventh grade student. This student was enrolled in our LANGUAGE!® Live product for struggling readers and had completed all three benchmarks. We use three independent measures at each benchmark, the Progress Assessment of Reading (PAR), the Test of Silent Contextual Reading Fluency (TOSCRF), and the Test of Written Spelling, 4th Edition (TWS-4), to show progress or growth made by students across the academic year when enrolled and receiving instruction in our program. It is worth understanding these assessments to make sense of how they are useful, or in other words, context.
I could go through the technical information about these tests, but I am not sure that really gives the right context. So, let me try this a different way. I want to illustrate what makes these tests similar and different.
All three tests start from a raw score. For the PAR, the raw score is the number of items correct out of 34. For the TWS-4, the raw score is the number of words spelled correctly before hitting a ceiling of five missed words in a row. For the TOSCRF, the raw score is the number of words correctly identified in passages that become increasingly difficult in three minutes. Looking at the raw scores is interesting when comparing a student’s performance across the year, but not very helpful when comparing across the three tests.
The raw scores on all three tests convert to standard scores. The PAR raw score converts to a Lexile. The Lexile scale, according to MetaMetrics, ranges from 200L to 1600L, although actual Lexile measures can range from below 0L to above 2000L. The TOSCRF and TWS-4 raw scores convert to a standard score distribution that has a mean (average) of 100 and a standard deviation of 15. Averages or means are easy for most people, but standard deviations are scary. A standard deviation is a way to talk about the variation in the data points in a group. A low standard deviation means the data points are close together and close to the average. A high standard deviation means the data points are spread out. The standard score distribution used by the TOSCRF and TWS-4 is pretty common, meaning there are a lot of tests that use it.
The tests are norm-referenced and this is where we get into the common measure between these three tests. To be norm-referenced tests means the results estimate where the student is positioned based on a predefined population. For the PAR, the population is based on students in the same grade level as the student taking the test. For the TOSCRF and TWS-4, the population is based on students in the same age range as the student taking the test. Usually, there is a norms table showing the standard score and its corresponding place within the predefined population, represented as a percentile rank. Our seventh grade student has a standard score of 88 on the TWS-4. Using a standard psychometric conversion table, an 88 converts to the 21st percentile rank, meaning 21 percent of the predefined population was below our student and 79 percent was above our student. We always want students to be moving toward the 50th percentile.
Note: The downside of percentile ranks is the distance between two points increases the further the points are from the mean. The distance between the 20th percentile and the 30th percentile is relatively small. The distance between the first and fifth percentile is probably three times the distance between the 20th and 30th percentile. That is because of the distribution of the group. There are fewer data points, students in our case, at the lower end of a normal curve than there are closer to the middle of the curve. For this reason, percentile ranks cannot be used to create averages. The standard scores, which are the same distance apart all the way across the distribution, should be used to determine an average, then that average standard score can be used to determine the percentile rank.
A common measure allows for comparison, but what does it mean? We’ll address this next week in Part 2 of this blog.
Language! Live students make gains, on average, of more than one to two years over the course of one school year.
"Everybody has increased..."
 Adapted from Test of Silent Contextual Reading Fluency, by D. Hammill, J. L. Wiederholt, and E. Allen, 2006, Austin, TX: PRO-ED. Copyright 2006 by PRO-ED. Adapted with permission. All rights reserved.
 Adapted from Test of Written Spelling – Fourth Edition, by S. Larsen, D. Hammill, and L. Moats, 1999, Austin, TX: PRO-ED. Copyright 1999 by PRO-ED. Adapted with permission. All rights reserved.
Add your email here to sign up for EDVIEW 360 blogs, webinars, and podcasts. We'll send you an email when new posts and episodes are published.